The Uzi is an Israeli open-bolt, blowback-operated family of submachine guns. Developed in the 1940’s by Major Uziel Gal, the Uzi was later introduced to IDF special forces in 1954.
The Uzi was one of the first weapons to use a telescoping bolt design and allows the magazine to be housed in the pistol grip for a shorter weapon. The bolt wraps around the breech end of the barrel giving it a slower-firing bolt making it better-balanced in the shorter design of the Uzi. Cheap to produce and easy to strip for maintenance, the Uzi became widely used by military and law enforcement in the 1960’s through the 1980’s.